Department of Biology

BIOLOGY DEPARTMENT

BIOLOGY
For Class IX (marks 65)

1. Introduction
What is Biology?
Main branches of Biology
Biology and other Sciences
Biological Method
History of Biology
Impact of biological studies on human welfare
Origin of life

2. Organization of Life
The basic structure of a cell
Cell Division
Levels of organization
Plant tissues
Animal tissues
Cellular organization in organisms
– Amoeba
– Mustard plant
Frog

3. Classification of Living Organisms
Major groups of living organisms

4. Viruses, Bacteria and Cyanobacteria
Bacteria
Viruses
Bacteria
Cyanobacteria

5. Fungi and Algae
Fungi
Algae

6. Bryophytes

7. Tracheophytes
Pteridophytes
Gymnosperms
Angiosperms

8. Invertebrates (Animals without Backbone)
Protozoa
Porifera
Coelenterata
Platyhelminthes
Nematoda
Annelida
Arthropoda
Mollusca
Echinodermata

9. Chordates/Vertebrates (Animals with Backbone)
Fishes
Amphibians
Reptiles
Birds
Mammals
Flora and Fauna of Pakistan

10. Foods and Nutrition
Nutrition and Nutrients
Nutrition in plants
Autotrophic nutrition in plants
Photosynthesis
Mineral requirements in plants
Special modes of nutrition
Nutrition in animals (Heterotrophic)
Nutrition in man
A balanced diet
Ingestion and digestion in man
Absorption
Assimilation
Egestion
Disorders of gut

11. Respiration
Cellular respiration
Gaseous exchange in plants
Gaseous exchange in animals and man
Disorders of respiratory system

PRACTICALS
For Class IX (marks 10)

1.

Examination and handling of a microscope.
Constructing and testing a hypothesis about malaria.

2.

Study of different types of bacteria with the help of prepared slides.

3.

Study of Rhizopus, Mushroom, Chlamydomonas and Spirogyra from fresh material/models prepared slides.

4.

Study of Funaria, Pteris and Pinus (needles and cones.) from fresh material/model/ prepared slides.

5.

Study of any Monocot and Dicot plants.

6.

Identification of the animals representing each Phylum, in chordates each class is to be represented.

7.

Field trips to observe local plants and Animals.

8.

Microscopic preparation and examination of plant and animal cell e.g. (onion epidermal peel, Hydrilla leaf, Frog blood cells from prepared slides/photo micro graphs.)

9.

Observation of various stages of mitosis and meiosis by slides/model and charts.

10.

Study of plant and animal tissues from charts and prepared slides.

11.

Study of external morphology of mustard plant and microscopic examination of root, stem, leaf, flower, fruit and seed.

12.

Brief examination of internal organs of a dissected frog.

13.

Experiment to demonstrate the process of photosynthesis using an aquatic plant, like Hydrilla.

14.

Food tests (demonstration by the teacher): Benedict’s test for reducing sugar, Iodine test for starch, Spot test and Emulsion test for fat, and Biuret test for protein in solution.

15.

Microscopic examination of a Transverse section of the small intestine to show the villi.

16.

Demonstration of air sacs in mammals using slides/photomicrographs charts models.

17.

Demonstration of the presence of tar in cigarette smoke and also by charts showing pictures of lungs of smokers and non smokers.

RECOMMENDED REFERENCE BOOKS FOR CLASS IX

The question paper will be syllabus oriented. However, the following books are recommended for reference and supplementary reading:
1. Biology
Punjab Textbook Board, Lahore
2. Biology
National Book Foundation, Islamabad
3. Biology
Sindh Textbook Board, Jamshoro
4. Biology
NWFP Textbook Board, Peshawar
5. Biology
Baluchistan Textbook Board, Quetta

Time allowed: 2hours Marks: 10

1. Identification:
a. Identify the labelled part 1 in the model/chart-‘A’. (1)
b. Identify the given animal ‘B’ and name the phylum to
which it belongs. (1)

2. Prepare a temporary mount of the given material ‘C’ and draw its
labelled diagram. (1+1)
(OR)
Write and perform the biochemical test for the substance provided. (1+1)

3. Set up the apparatus and explain the procedure (physiology
based practicals). (2)

 

4. Viva voce (2)

5. Note book (2)

____________________

DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY

BIOLOGY
For Class X (marks 65)

1. Transport in Organisms
i. Importance of water to life
ii. Basic processes
iii. Transport in flowering plants.
iv. Transpiration
v. Transport in animals
vi. Blood
vii. Transport in man
viii. The heart and blood vessels
ix. Lymphatic System

2. Excretion
i. Excretion in Plants
ii. Excretion in animals
iii. Human excretory system

3. Support and Movement
i. Support in plants
ii. Movement in Plants
iii. Support and movements in animals
iv. Support and movement in man

4. Response and Coordination
i. Introduction
ii. Coordination in animals
iii. Nervous coordination
iv. Receptor in man’s sight
v. Hearing and balancing
vi. Other sense organs
vii. Central nervous system in man
viii. Chemical coordination (Endocrine system in man)
ix. Drugs and nervous system
x. Nervous Disorders
xi. Chemical control in plants

5. Reproduction
i. Asexual reproduction in plants
ii. Sexual Reproduction in flowering plants
iii. Life cycle of a flowering plant
iv. Pollination
v. Seed and its Germination
vi. Reproduction and development in animals
vii. Asexual reproduction in animals
viii. Sexual reproduction and development in frog

 

6. Gene and Inheritance
i. Gene and inheritance
ii. The pattern of inheritance
iii. Genetic Engineering

7. Evolution

8. Environmental Biology
i. Ecology
ii. The Ecosystem
iii. Component of ecosystem
iv. Energy flow within an ecosystem
v. Cycling of materials in Nature
vi. Ecological Interdependence of organism

9. Man and Biology
i. Application of Biology to human welfare
ii. Biology in relation to conservation of environment
iii. Organisms affecting human health and some common diseases

PRACTICALS
For Class X (marks 10)

1.

Experiment to show which of the two surfaces of a leaf loses more water, cobalt chloride paper method.

2.

Observation of the release of air bubbles from leaves in hot water.

3.

To demonstrate the ascent of sap in plants by uptake of eosin solution in a herbaceous plant.

4.

Microscopic examination of human blood smear slide. Examination of a model of heart of man.

5.

Microscopic examination of blood flow in arteries, capillaries and veins in a fish tail or frog’s web.

6.

Examination of longitudinal section of mammalian kidney or a model of kidney.

7.

Microscopic examination of Transverse sections of a young dicotyledonous stem and woody stem.

8.

Investigation of phototropism and geotropism in root and shoot.

9.

Demonstration of various parts of human skeleton from model/chart.

10.

Study of human eye model/chart.

11.

Study of human ear model/chart.

12.

Examination of mammalian brain model/chart.

13.

Observation of binary fission of amoeba using slides, photomicrographs or charts.

14.

Examination of mycelium with sporangia and spores in rhizopus. Fresh material/prepared slides.

15.

Examination of following specimens; a bulb (onion), corm. (colocasia), rhizome (ginger) or stem tuber (potato).

16.

Examination of Gram seed, and Maize grain.

 

RECOMMENDED REFERENCE BOOKS FOR CLASS X

The question papers will be syllabus oriented. However, the following books are recommended for reference and supplementary reading:
1. Biology
Punjab Textbook Board, Lahore.
2. Biology
National Book Foundation, Islamabad.
3. Biology
Sindh Textbook Board, Jamshoro.
4. Biology
NWFP Textbook Board, Peshawar.
5. Biology
Baluchistan Textbook Board, Quetta.

Time allowed: 2hours Marks: 10

1. i. Identify the labelled parts (A and B) in the given models/charts. (1)
ii. Identify the slides(C and D). (1)

2. Set up the apparatus and explain the procedure of given experiment. (Physiology based Practicals) (2)

3. Identify the given specimen ‘E’. Draw its labelled diagram and write any two features of it. (Specimen related to storage of food) (2)

4. Viva voce (2)

5. Note book (2)

———————————————————–

Permanent link to this article: http://www.pisbsa.com/?page_id=109